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History of the Region
  • Euxinograd
  • Kaliakra cape
  • Roman baths in Varna
  • Varna Eneolithic Necropolis
  • Aladja monastery
  • The medieval town of Cherven
  • Nicopolis-ad-Istrum
  • Thracian tomb of Sveshtari

    Dobrudja history seduces tourists - it has kept traces of pre-history, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Slavic and Islamic civilizations. It is an exotic destination with sites where a few tourists put the feet yet. All sites can be visited within two hours drive from Krapetz.

    Euxinograd

    The royal palace in Evksinograd is located 70 km away from Krapetz. The current name of the palace was given to it by princess Maria Louisa in 1893. The building of the famous Evksinograd park commenced in 1890. Some 300 species of different plants, brought to Bulgaria from the Mediterranean region, Asia and South America and selected by Ferdinand himself, could be seen in it. Another interesting thing that could be seen in the residency is the sun watch, which Ferdinand received as a present from the English queen Victoria. Nowadays, Evksinograd is a government residence.

    Kaliakra cape

    Kaliakra cape stretches 2km deep into the sea and consists of 60-70m-high limestone rocks, the inaccessibility of which has been the main reason for the construction of an ancient fortress named Tirisis there. The fortress was successively used by Tracians, Romans, Byzantines and Bulgarians. According to legends, the fortress was guarding the treasuries of Lyzimah, successor of Alexander the Great. Today there are quite many remains of those ancient settlements, which can be seen exhibited in a small museum. One can also read there a legend telling the story of several Bulgarian girls who chose to jump from the high cape into the sea but not to be captured and converted to Islam by the Turks. The name Kaliakra means "beautiful cape," due to the abundant pink limestone. Legend has it that the color is from the blood of the defenders of the fortress. At present it is a reserve spreading over 687.5 ha. It is one of the few places where the rare species of seal-monks, found only in the northern part of the Bulgarian coast, is to be seen.

    Roman baths in Varna

    According to the specialists Roman baths in Varna are believed to be one of the biggest buildings in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire. The arch-like constructions are supposed to have been at least 20 m high. The building was constructed in the second half of II century on an area of around 7000 sq.m. and existed until the end of the III century. Passing through the vast halls, creating a natural bareer against cold air, visitors of the baths had entered an enormous hall, called “balestra”, which occupied an area of 840 sq.m. and was a place, where the citizens of Odessos gathered to discuss different social problems. The heating system of the baths is extremely interesting even today – the baths have a double floor and special hollows, through which the warm air could reach even the top of the baths.

    Varna Eneolithic Necropolis

    Found by chance during construction works in 1972 in the western industrial part of Varna, it is situated about 500 m to the north of the Varna Lake and about 4 km to the west of downtown Varna. According to specialists, the findings are a part of eneolithic funeral, dating back to the IV century B.C. More than 294 graves were found, containing over 3000 golden objects with a total weight of over 6 kg. In one grave alone (grave No. 43), more gold was found than all the gold from this era found in the world by that moment. Besides the numerous golden decorations, different figures of idols and amulets were also discovered, some of them representing human figures, other –animals. The discoveries in the Varna Eneolithic Necropolis are the richest in Europe from the late eneolithic period. Older than those found in Egypt, experts describe them as "the world's oldest gold" and a trace of "Europe's most ancient civilization”.

    Aladja monastery

    The construction and establishment of Aladja monastery is related with the feudatory age of the Bulgaria. It originated during 13-14 century, a period, during which the hermit movement was spreading, known as hesychastism (escape from life). The monastery is quite special because its rooms are situated in artificial caves - "rock rooms", excavated on two floors in the vertical rocks of Stara planina (the Balkan mountain). According to the archeological surveys, on the first floor is situated the church and the monastic cells and on the upper – the chapel. When Bulgaria fell under Ottoman yoke, the monastery was destroyed and abandoned for good. Aladja monastery is situated 15 km away from Varna. It is cultural and historical monument, which is visited by many foreign tourists.

    The Medieval town of Cherven

    The Medieval town of Cherven is the biggest medieval settlement having its own fortress, found in Bulgaria. It is located by the river of Cherni Lom. The first traces of man in this region date back to the old stone age. The antique era has also left its tracks. Thracians used to live here. Romans came to these lands in the first century. Later, Bulgarians built their fortresses and fortifications among the rocks. At that time (13-14th century), the Medieval town of Cherven was one of the most important military, administrative, economic, religious and cultural centers in Bulgaria. Cherven was completely ruined during the Ottoman invasion in 1388, and never came to life again. It has been the object of systematic excavations since 1961.

    Nicopolis-ad-Istrum 

    One of the most thoroughly explored Roman towns on Bulgarian territory, the City of Victory was founded by Emperor Trayan in honour of his victory over the Dacians in 102-106 A.D. It lasted till the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 17th century - in that period the town was devastated by the invasions of the Avars and the Slavs. Nicopolis was built on a flat area near the river of Rositza, where the lands were fertile and important roads crossed. This was an important prerequisite for the town’s future prosperity in the end of II – the beginning of III century. Nicopolis ad Istrum was given the honour to cut coins. More than 900 types of coins bearing its name are known to the world. Images of gods, buildings, gates, are depicted on them. However, the town was ruined in the end of the VI century.The archeological reserve “Nicopolis ad Istrum” is located 20 km north from Veliko Tarnovo and 3 km south from the village of Nicupe.

    Thracian tomb of Sveshtari 

    Thracian tomb of Sveshtari was discovered in 1982 during excavations of a sepulchral mound. In approximation, it dates back to first half of the 3rd century BC It consists of three chambers - an entrance chamber and two antechambers, covered by a mound. The central camera of the vault is rich in decoration - it is designed as a facade of a temple with the image of a horseman, being bestowed with a golden wreath by a goddess, and a religious procession; on three of the walls - a high relief with 10 stone statues of clad women figures. The funeral rites, the building technique, the architectural design and the decoration, distinguished for Hellenistic models, provide evidence that a Thracian ruler has been buried there. The Sveshtari Tomb was included in Unesco's World Heritage List in 1985.

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